Backstory on Trump Washington Post Investigation Hispanic Judge The Law of Disclosure

Dear Care for Crash Victims Community Members:

Here is an explanation of the law relied on by Judge Gonzalo Curiel.

Washington Post Investigates

“Two class action lawsuits being considered in San Diego have accused Trump University of using deceptive practices as it brought in millions of dollars from customers who were told they would learn Trump’s techniques to become successful in the world of real estate. Trump and his attorneys have vigorously denied the fraud claims, pointing to high ratings that students gave their courses at the time.

The Post intervened in April, arguing that Trump’s pursuit of the presidency made his business dealings a matter of public interest and that an inactive company had no compelling reason to maintain secrecy.” 


Center for Auto Safety (CAS)

At my request, Clarence Ditlow, Executive Director, Center for Auto Safety, prepared the following explanation of the new law requiring disclosure of legal documents.

CAS Chrysler Defects Case Changed the Law on Protective Orders in the 9th Circuit

The Decision Played a Key Role in Release of Trump University Documents

            In 2014, CAS moved to intervene and unseal documents in a class action in California on defective power modules in up to 4.9 million Chrysler vehicles to support a defect petition CAS had filed with NHTSA.  When the District Court denied CAS’s motions to intervene and unseal the Chrysler defect documents, the Center appealed to the 9th Circuit for the following reasons:

            This appeal is from the denial of the Center for Auto Safety’s motion to intervene in Velasco v. Chrysler Group LLC—a lawsuit currently pending before the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California—for the limited purpose of unsealing court records and the denial of the Center’s motion to unseal those records.  The Center for Auto Safety, a national nonprofit automobile safety organization, believes that the records—briefs, declarations, and exhibits submitted in connection with the Velasco plaintiffs’ preliminary injunction motion—may shed light on whether there is a dangerous defect in the power system installed in millions of Chrysler vehicles. 

                Although this Court has held that “compelling reasons” are normally required to outweigh the public’s right of access to court records, see Kamakana v.City & Cnty. of Honolulu, 447 F.3d 1172, 1178 (9th Cir. 2006), the district court held that the records filed in connection with the Velasco plaintiffs’ preliminary injunction motion could be sealed for “good cause.”


In January 2016 CAS won in the 9th Circuit with the court holding that “good cause” was not enough to seal documents in pleadings that were not necessarily dispositive. The decision played a key role in Judge Gonzalo Curiel’s attached order against Donald Trump to release Trump University documents.  Our 2016 victory in a Chrysler defects case moved the bar up from merely having to show “good cause” to seal a document to having to articulate “compelling reasons” to seal a document in many non-dispositive pleadings which are “more than tangentially related to the merits of a case.”  Previously in the Trump University lawsuits, the courts had used the lower threshold “good cause” standard to seal some documents.  In issuing his decision unsealing the Trump University documents, Judge Curiel explained the law had changed after Ctr. for Auto Safety v. Chrysler Grp.

Traditionally, the Ninth Circuit drew a distinction between “dispositive” pleadings, such as motions for summary judgment and related attachments, where the strong presumption of access was applied fully, and a party must articulate “compelling reasons” to seal a document, and “non-dispositive” motions, where a “good cause” standard applied. Id. at 1180. In Kamakana, the Ninth Circuit explained that it did so because “the resolution of a dispute on the merits, whether by trial or summary judgment, is at the heart of the interest in ensuring the public’s understanding of the judicial process and of significant public events,” whereas “the public has less of a need for access to court records attached only to non-dispositive motions because those documents are often unrelated, or only tangentially related, to the underlying cause of action.” Id. at 1179 (citations omitted) (internal quotation marks omitted).

                However, in Center for Auto Safety, the Ninth Circuit recently disapproved of such a “binary” approach based on “mechanical classifications,” reasoning that “[m]ost litigation in a case is not literally ‘dispositive,’ but nevertheless involves important issues and information to which our case law demands the public should have access.” Ctr. for Auto Safety v. Chrysler Grp., LLC, 809 F.3d 1092, 1098 (9th Cir. 2016).

                The Post argues that under Center for Auto Safety, the “compelling reasons” standard should apply because a class certification motion is “more than tangentially related to the merits of a case,” WP Mot. 8–11, while Defendant contends that the “good cause” standard should apply. Def. Opp. 5–8.

                Recently, two district courts in this Circuit cited Center for Auto Safety in applying the “compelling reasons” standard to class certification motions. See Opperman v. Path, Inc., 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 17222 (N.D. Cal. Feb. 11, 2016) (finding that a class certification motion involves issues that are “more than tangentially related to the merits of the case”); Corvello v. Wells Fargo Bank N.A., 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 11647 (N.D. Cal. Jan. 29, 2016). The Court agrees.

But for the Center’s lawsuit, key documents in the Trump University litigation would not have been released.  Below are relevant documents from the litigation including Chrysler’s latest effort to get the US Supreme Court to grant certiorari and hear the case.

The Center is represented in this litigation by Jennifer Bennett and Leslie Bailey of Public Justice, P.C. in Oakland CA, (510) 622-8150.

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Chrysler Petition for Certiorari to U.S. Supreme Court – 3/24/2016

          Amicus Brief DRI-Voice of the Defense Bar iso Chrysler Cert Petition – 4/28/16

          Amicus Brief Global Automakers & Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers iso Chrysler Cert Petition – 4/28/16

Amicus Brief Chamber of Commerce iso Chrysler Cert Petition – 4/28/16

Amicus Brief Washington Legal Foundation iso Chrysler Cert Petition – 4/28/16

9th Circuit Rules in Favor of CAS in Velasco v. Chrysler – 1/11/16

CAS Reply Brief 9th Cir – 5/14/15

Chrysler Response Brief 9th Cir – 4/30/15

CAS Opening Brief 9th Cir – 3/15/15

Reply in Support of Motion to Intervene – 11/17/14

Reply in Support of Motion to Unseal – 11/17/14

Memorandum in Support of Motion to Intervene – 10/23/14

Declaration of Clarence Ditlow in Support of Motion to Intervene of the Center for Auto Safety – 10/23/14

Memorandum in Support of Motion to Unseal – 10/23/14

Significance of Secrecy in Safety, Justice, and Democracy

This backstory of the law requiring openness of legal documents is of great importance to the public’s safety with vehicular violence resulting in nearly one hundred deaths, 400 serious injuries, and valued by DOT at $2 billion each average day in the U.S.A. today.This backstory of the law requiring openness of legal documents is of great importance to Justice when corporations and government officials spend unlimited monies to protect profits and power rather than people, Justice is denied.This backstory of the law requiring openness of legal documents is of great importance to Democracy when presidents and presidential candidates use secrecy to hide their actions – remember the Watergate example.  Disclosure: As a whistleblower fired during the Nixon Administration, I can attest to the importance of openness to Democracy.  See
Lou Lombardo


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